Internet resources

Official containers:


Install from docker repo:

sudo install -m 0755 -d /etc/apt/keyrings
curl -fsSL | sudo gpg --dearmor -o /etc/apt/keyrings/docker.gpg
 sudo chmod a+r /etc/apt/keyrings/docker.gpg

Add following to /etc/apt/sources.list.d/docker.list:

sudo editor /etc/apt/sources.list.d/docker.list
deb [arch=amd64 signed-by=/etc/apt/keyrings/docker.gpg] bullseye stable
sudo apt update
sudo apt install docker-ce docker-ce-cli docker-buildx-plugin docker-compose-plugin


sudo systemctl start docker
sudo docker run hello-world
 sudo systemctl enable docker


This means, that you have to delete the user that installed docker from the docker group in /etc/group.

Rootless mode

Rootless mode means running docker without root privileges. However, on Debian 11, that may generate some troubles…


Images and Containers

Images are not yet running containers including one application and the os fundamentals for it.

Containers are running or sleeping instances of applications that are enclosed by the container.

Dowload and run official images

List available images:

docker images

Get an image:

docker pull image:tag


docker pull debian:bullseye

Setting up images

Create directory wherever you want. Copy config files for the service to the directory. cd to that directory

Create Dockerfile in the dir.

Build image:

docker build -t <<repository>>/<<tag>> .

repository may be somethin like a name that explaines the containers purpose (samba_debian) the tag my be a version

Managing images

Show images on host:

sudo docker images

Handy option: -q (only return IDs)

Remove image (get id with command above):

sudo docker rmi <<Image ID>>

Remove all images:

sudo docker rmi $(sudo docker images -q)

Managing containers

Start container (text from

Run the following command to start a container based on your new image:

docker run --publish 8000:8080 --detach --name <<name>><<repository>>:<<tag>>

There are a couple of common flags here:

Start container with interactive shell:

sudo docker run -it <<repository>>:<<tag>> /bin/bash

Stop container:

sudo docker stop <<name>>

Stop all containers:

sudo docker stop $(sudo docker ps -q)

Restart container:

sudo docker restart <<container name>>

Show all containers on host:

sudo docker ps -a

Handy option: -q (only return IDs)

Show running containers on host:

sudo docker ps

Remove container:

sudo docker rm <<container name>>

Remove all containers:

sudo docker rm $(sudo docker ps -aq)

Getting command line in a container

Get your containers id with „docker ps“ and use „docker exec“ to start a bash inside it:

sudo docker exec -it <<Container ID>> /bin/bash

Docker compose

create folder and your compose file with ending .yml inside it. Thendownload needed images, compile local images and start everything with:

docker compose up &

Multi-Container communication